First there is the issue of whether or not Artyem is a Russian or American citizen. Adoptive parents usually obtain American citizenship for the children and cancel their Russian citizenship. Did Hansen?
Now, three weeks after putting the 7-year-old child alone on the plane Bedford County Sheriff Randall Boyce apparently has learned from District Attorney General Chuck Crawford that they do not have jurisdiction in terms of an abandonment as the child was escorted by Nancy Hansen - Torry's mother - from Tennessee to Washington and then set off alone to Russia. So it seems abandonment charges would be placed on Nancy, not Torry, and would have to come from Washington.
Any other charges against Torry would be abuse claimed by Artyem, but that would require his testimony. Crawford is reportedly looking into the possibility of setting up a video teleconference to speak to the child.
Another avenue not addressed is charging Hansen with his support. If you can't someone criminally, hit them in the pocketbook...and make darn sure she never obtains another child from any agency anywhere....or even a dog from the pound.