Monday, January 10, 2011

Adoption in India and Nepal: Violation of Children's Rights?

Uttar Pradesh child adoptions under court scanner

Inter-country adoption of orphans and the destitute through the family court in Lucknow, he capital city of Uttar Pradesh in India, has come under the scrutiny of the Allahabad High Court following allegations of irregularities.

Chief Justice F.I. Rebello took note of a complaint made by Saksham Foundation, an organization working in the field of child rights, and ordered an inquiry into alleged violation of children's rights.

The irregularities pointed out by Saksham Foundation chief Anjali Singh were prima facie found to be correct.

Since 2003, around 33 children have been given in adoption through the family court in Lucknow and almost all the children were minor girls.

The issue also came up for discussion at a workshop on inter-country adoptions for judicial officers who converged here from different parts of Uttar Pradesh Saturday.

The chief justice urged Uttar Pradesh State Legal Services Secretary A.N. Mittal to make family court judges aware about the procedures laid down to prevent exploitation of orphan and destitute minors being given for adoption to foreign lands.

Speaking to the judicial officers and the NGOs, Chief Justice Rebello said that the welfare of a child was paramount when being given for adoption in a foreign country.

Principal Judge of the Lucknow Family Court Chandra Mouli Shukla said: 'Since 2003, around 33 children have been given in adoption from the family court in Lucknow, all of whom were destitute and orphans. But what was even more worrisome was that almost all the children were minor girls and there were very few boys.'

It baffled him further to see that only a single agency - Uttar Pradesh State Council, a NGO - was involved in providing the girls for inter-country adoptions.

There was also a clear violation of Supreme Court guidelines laid for inter-country adoptions which stated that attempts should be made to place the child in a Indian home before putting them up for adoption in a foreign country, Shukla said.

'I was unable to understand what was the need to send 33 minor girls to foreign countries when they could quite easily be cared for in their own country,' Shukla said. Nepal...

Govt bans inter-country adoption of street children

KATHMANDU, Jan 9: Amidst concern from various quarters that the process of inter-country adoption of street children is subject to widespread abuses, the government has banned the adoption effective from January 5.

According to Ministry of Women, Children and Social Welfare, the decision is taken in the wake of media and various diplomatic missions raising issue that many street children sent for inter-country adoption could have their biological parents in Nepal searching for them.

Diplomatic missions have also raised questions about the credibility of documents prepared for the inter-country adoption of the street children.

In a public notice, the ministry said street children registered in orphanage and children´s home by police would not be sent for inter-country adoption henceforth. “It is informed to all concerned that the ministry will start a special campaign for street children found by police,” the notice said.

The government had recently introduced an amendment in the conditions and procedures related to inter-country adoption to address the concerns raised by various international communities. As per the existing rules governing adoption, the government recognizes a child as orphan if he/she is found unattended at a hospital or found unattended by police or left with no one to care after the death of all kin including parents.

There are concerns from various quarters that many of the street children found by police and subsequently registered with children´s home or orphanage for inter-country adoption actually have their parents. There are also complaints that in many cases children are sent for inter-country adoption using forged documents.

1 comment:

Henry Scobie said...

Anyone wanting to understand the U.S. suspension should read:

Nepal Children's Organization (Bal Mandir) -- Victims of Balmandir:


Trade of Children (Voice of Children) at PEAR Nepal:

RussiaToday Apr 29, 2010 on Russian Adoption Freeze

Russi Today: America television Interview 4/16/10 Regarding the Return of Artyem, 7, to Russia alone

RT: Russia-America TV Interview 3/10

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